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Biblical Discipleship - Chapter 3
Sin and Change


When we act naturally, as a result of the selfish nature with which we are born. We inevitably sin and displease God (Rom. 3 v 23). Sin not only displeases God, but also separates the people he created from the glory he intends for them. See also (psalm 51 v 5).

Some consequences of sin:

It grieves God = (Gen. 6 v 5 — 7).
It brings guilt = (Psalm 51 v 3 — 4).
It brings separation from God = (Isaiah 59 v 1 — 2).
It brings judgement and everlasting punishment = (Mt. 25 v 46).
It enslaves = (Rom. 6 v 17).
It causes spiritual blindness = (2 Cor. 4 v 4).
It causes spiritual death = (Eph. 2 v 1).
It brings lack of hope = (Eph. 2 v 12).
It corrupts = (Titus 1 v 15).
It condemns = (James 5 v 12).

Four main types of sin and their biblical names:

1. Deviation from a norm or standard

Old Testament:
Chatag: to miss the mark or go wrong (Judges 20 v 16).
Pasha: Trespass (Psalm 51 v 4).
Avah: to bend or pervert i.e. to deliberately do what is wrong (Job 33 v 27).
Shagah: to go astray (Job 19 v 4; Lev. 4 v 13).

New testament:
Parabasis: swerving from a straight line i.e. stepping over a boundary. (Rom. 4 v 15 = Gal. 3 v 19).
Hamartia: to miss the mark (Mt. 1 v 21; Rom. 6 v 23).
Paraptoma: to trespass or fall off a path (Col. 2 v 13; Eph. 2 v 13).

2. Description of a state: (it is a fixed state in which men are trapped)
Rasha: often translated wicked or ungodly (Psalm 1 v 6; Psalm 37 v 28).
Asham: to offend or be guilty Gen 26 v 10; Lev. 5 v 15 - 16).

3. Deliberate rebellion: (this is a state where people think they can do without God i.e. pride)
Persha to shake the fist at God (Isaiah 1 v 2; 1 Kings 12 v 19).
Anomia: N. T. Lawlessness or rebellion (2 Cor. 6 v 14; 1 Jn. 3 v 4).

4.Devious: actions or attitudes:

Marah: rebellious or stubborn (Psalm 78 v 8).
Marad: to rebel (Num. 14 v 9).
Ra‘ah: to be evil or bad (Gen. 19 v 7).

The very idea of sin carries with it the reality of something that has been lost, diverted or broken.

The Ten Commandments: God‘s detectives!

It is important that we realize, that many people today believe they are going to heaven (both Christian and non-Christian) because they have followed the commandments. If we examine ourselves, I doubt very much that anyone has attained this?

(Hebrews 7 v 19) For the law made nothing perfect, and a better hope is introduced, by which we draw near to God. (Jesus) Any one, who believes they have done no wrong, deludes themselves and calls God a liar. (Rom 3 v 23) We cannot be saved by the commandments, if we could Jesus would not have had to die (Rom 3 v 21 - 22). So what are the Ten Commandments therefore?

(Rom 3 v 20); Tells us that by them we will become conscious of sin, in other words they are God‘s guide lines (our boundaries) without them we would not know or recognize sin. (Rom. 7 v 7). They are God‘s detectives (Rom. 3 v 19) Say‘s• that the whole world will be held accountable to God. 20, therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law. (James 1 v 24 — 25) Here James describes the Ten Commandments as a mirror; dare we take a look at ourselves?

Four of the Commandments:

1. Thou shalt have no other gods before me (2 Cor. ch. 4; Mt. 22 v 37)

6. Thou shalt not kill (1 Jn. 3 v 14 - 15)?

9. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour (Proverbs 6 v 16 - 19)?

10. Thou shalt not covet (desire) your neighbour's house, wife or anything belonging to your neighbour?

(Rom. 6 v 14) Not under law but under Grace, Praise the Lord. However we cannot disregard the commandments, as many today seem to (Mt. 5 v 17 - 20) but to use them to help us to recognize sin, and then to put it to death. We cannot do this naturally so we need the help of supernatural power, The Holy Spirit who will help us with the renewing of our minds (thoughts and actions) (Rom. 12 v 2).


There are many today who continue to walk in sin because of ignorance, in God's eyes this is no excuse. We need to study the word of God and pray for spiritual discernment and wisdom. It is important to understand that although the law no longer justifies us, we still need to fully understand them in order to identify our sin and confess it. God wants us to know Him, to know His will for us and, out of love for Him, be prepared to fulfil the purpose He has for us. He wants us to be a part of his kingdom and become His children.

First, our sins must be forgiven. Second, the sinful nature with which we were born must be put to death and we must be born again (Jn. 3 v 5 - 7), then we will have a new nature and be able to know God and enjoy fellowship with Him.

Questions and Discussion points:

What is the universal consequence of sin? (Isaiah 59 v 1 - 2).

Why don‘t most people recognize that they are displeasing God?

Why are God‘s commandments important?

Who is responsible for your sin? (Rom. 14 v 12).

How can we change our sinful nature?

Summary and Application

All people are born with a sinful nature. As humans our natural bias is towards things that displease God. Everybody is responsible and will be held accountable for their own sin. God the Father sent Jesus to take our sin into Himself. To avail ourselves of the work of Jesus we need to ask God to forgive us for all that we have done to displease Him and accept Jesus as our Lord and Saviour. We must be truly born again and allow The Holy Spirit to transform our sinful nature.

Key Scriptures: (Read and Meditate on)

Rom. 2 v 12 - 16;
Rom. 8 v 5 - 6;
Rom. 12 v 2;
1 Jn. 1 v 9 - 10;
Mt. 5 v 17 - 20 Any browser Campaign Valid CSS!